Osteoporosis treatment is a combination of preventive measures and treatments for existing conditions used to treat the condition of this disease, wherein the bone density decreases causing the bones to become fragile. This reduction in the density of the bone leads to increased risk of fractures occurring even at mild trauma to the bones, which is the main manifestation of the problem. With around 10million people in the United States alone having osteoporosis treatment, the importance of the treatment and prevention is ever-increasing.
This weakening of the bones happens over a considerable period of time, and has a tendency to develop in those individuals whose bone growth was not properly supported during their prime years. Improper calcium intake and irregular diets, lack of proper exercise renders the bone weak and causes mineral loss in the later ages. This mineral loss is what causes bone density reduction and lead to this disease. Thus, the treatment regimes include a variety of measures to contain the condition and improve the strength of the bones.
How treatment regime is designed?
The treatment regime is designed using a mix of steps to prevent fractures from occurring and also those that help heal existing fractures. Treating the mineral loss, improving bone strength and the ability of the bones to support the weight are other mechanisms of treatment involved in the process. Besides medication, proper exercise regimes that support the one strength development and diet that augments recovery are the other angles of treatment. The imbalance in the formation of the bone and resorption of the old bone is also treated with medication, while the lack of estrogen in some women (which causes osteoporosis) is also treated with hormone therapy to restore proper bone density and functioning.
Delving into the treatment options, the preventive measures include exercising in a safe manner so as to prevent further fracture occurrences. Exercise regimes that enable weight-bearing are recommended by the occupational therapists to make the body more resilient. Also, the diagnosis of osteoporosis generally occurs after the individual sustains a fracture, so early diagnosis may prevent even that. Another part of the treatment regime includes a proper diet, one that is rich in calcium and minerals, like milk, calcium-fortified juices, etc. which would supplement the minerals to the bones.
Besides such preventive measures, the main treatment of osteoporosis may include medical treatment given to fractures that are a manifestation of fragile bones, particularly in the areas of the spine, wrists and hips. The other treatment methods include the usage of medication like estrogen therapy, which is used to supplement the low estrogen levels in some women, which is a cause for it. Direct estrogen may not be an option for some women, who prefer estrogen receptor modulators that are safer and have a similar effect. Besides estrogen replacement therapy, calcium and vitamin D intake is also mandatory for those suffering with the symptoms in order to strengthen the bones and increase the bone mass. A daily intake of around 1200-1500mg is recommended to be effective.
Biophosphonate oral medications like risedronate and etidronate are also effective in reducing the rate of bone loss, slowing the reduction of bone density, some even effective in increasing the bone mass. Other hormone replacement therapy is also used to bring about increased bone mass production; Teriparatide is a synthetic version containing human parathyroid hormone, which increases the calcium absorption into bones, increasing bone mass.
Treating the reduced bone density with the above-mentioned medication improves the bone mass and restores the strength of the bones to an extent, but it is to be followed up with regular tests to make sure the side-effects of the medication are monitored. Also, regular exercise can help build bone strength, as is evident from research which shows that women who waked regularly doubled the life of their bones, bringing a balance between the bone resorption and bone production in the body.
Numerous medication avenues are being explored, like the synthetic stimulation of bone production in the body using the hormone therapy, diet regulations and the usage of estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) like Raloxifene to build the bone mass. Osteoporosis treatment is multi-faceted in nature, and a combination of these measures help throw away bone fragility and improve the condition in the patient.